(From 2011 Vintage) Poor clayey soils. The climate is characterized by its warm days and cool nights, with an average temperature variation of 14°C (57.2°F). The yield is 10 tonnes per hectare (approximately 4.05 tonnes per acre); espalier trellis system and drip irrigation are used. The estate is located at 1,050 meters (almost 3,445 ft) above sea level and the average annual rainfall in this area is 200 mm (7.87 in). At Dona Paula, our vineyards have always been managed using sustainable agriculture practices.